What is Labyrinthitis? A brief overview of Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

An inner ear disorder that affects the person’s hearing ability and makes him lose balance, causing loss of hearing and disequilibrium or vertigo is known as labyrinthitis. Cold, flu, a middle ear infection that spreads in the inner ear are some of the common factors that give birth to labyrinthitis disease. It commonly occurs in a person when a vestibular nerve present in the inner ear becomes damaged. When a person is suffering from a Labyrinthitis, it makes one of the two vestibular nerves inflamed, which is responsible for sending signals to the brain for the body to function properly and maintain balance. A person is likely to deal with balance disorders and labyrinthitis headaches while suffering from labyrinthitis disease.

Inner ear infections that are responsible for leading to such a condition known as labyrinthitis are usually caused due to viruses and bacteria. Dizziness, nausea, vomiting, hearing loss, vertigo, etc. are some of the most common symptoms that are accompanied by Inner Ear Infection (Labyrinthitis).

A person suffering from labyrinthitis may experience sudden bouts of vertigo, which can be treated well with certain home remedies and medications. Vertigo is a condition where a person experiences a spinning sensation. He feels whether he is spinning or the nearby surroundings are spinning, which in reality is static. Vertigo conditions may hinder one’s daily activities like driving, working, crossing the road, lifting weights, etc. and can become a life-threatening cause for some. Treating it on time reduces the severity and recurring episodes of vertigo.

Consulting an expert neurologist is recommended as soon as you start observing any labyrinthitis symptoms to cure the condition. A delay in medical help may make the condition worse. Your doctor will carry a test to diagnose whether the person is suffering from Labyrinthitis due to viral infection or bacterial infection. Both bacterial infection and virus infection shows similar symptoms which make it necessary for a doctor to confirm before suggesting any treatment. He would prescribe certain medications followed by the right labyrinthitis treatment and labyrinthitis exercises to control labyrinthitis symptoms and treat the condition. A majority of patients suffering from inner ear infection due to labyrinthitis find relief from its symptoms in a week or two and recover completely from labyrinthitis disease within a month or two if they seek medical help on time.

Let’s have a look at some of the most common labyrinthitis symptoms to understand the condition in a much better way and seek medical help if you experience any of these symptoms listed below:

What are the most common labyrinthitis symptoms?

While suffering from Labyrinthitis disease one may experience a loss of hearing ability and disequilibrium, which may even result in a more severe condition like vertigo, where a person may experience a spinning sensation.

One may experience intense labyrinthitis symptoms without any warning and pain. The symptoms of labyrinthitis may last for several weeks and disappear on their own. But that does not indicate the underlying condition has cured. However, when you move your head suddenly in different directions, labyrinthitis symptoms start surfacing again.

Here is a list of some labyrinthitis symptoms a patient may experience:

  1. Blurry vision or distorted vision
  2. Loss of balance due to vertigo
  3. Feeling of lightheadedness or you may feel like you’re floating
  4. Nausea and vomiting
  5. Ringing or buzzing in your ears known as tinnitus
  6. Loss of hearing ability

As you are aware by now that Labyrinthitis symptoms appear without any warning. You may experience it any time whether after waking up early in the morning or in between driving a vehicle. It seems light, but it is scary. Consult an expert neurologist immediately for Labyrinthitis treatment, if you feel experience sudden bouts of vertigo or have trouble with vision or unable to maintain balance. If the condition becomes severe due to negligence, complications can make the case worse leading to permanent loss of hearing ability.

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What are some of the common labyrinthitis Causes?

Labyrinthitis can affect a person of any age irrespective of gender. There are a variety of factors responsible that lead to such a condition. The inner ear consists of tubes and sac known as a labyrinth which consists of hair cells, responsible for hearing and controlling balance. An inner ear infection or disorder may disrupt the information that flows to the brain and can lead to labyrinthitis. Respiratory infections such as bronchitis, viral infections of the inner ear, stomach viruses, herpes viruses, bacterial infections including bacterial middle ear infections, infectious organisms are some of the other common labyrinthitis causes that lead to such a situation in a person. Lifestyle habits may even be responsible for causing labyrinthitis in a patient. If you are addicted to excessive smoking or drinking large chunks of alcohol. Patients having a history of allergies are at higher risk of developing labyrinthitis disease.

Diagnosis and labyrinthitis treatment

Diagnosing the underlying cause of labyrinthitis disease is a must to seek the right treatment. Your doctor will carry out some vestibular tests like VNG, CCG, and SVV & DVA for the correct diagnosis of the underlying condition. In some cases, a complete physical examination along with neurological evaluation is performed by doctors to diagnose labyrinthitis.

Your neurologist will prescribe you with certain medications that help in reducing sudden strokes of dizziness and nausea. He may even prescribe you with certain sedatives to keep anxiety at the array. Desloratadine (Clarinex), meclizine (Antivert), diazepam (Valium), Corticosteroids, etc. are some of the most common drugs prescribed by doctors to treat the condition. Doctors generally recommend going on dosage for not more than three days. If the conditions demand and no changes are observed after three days of medications, your doctor may recommend Vestibular rehabilitation to get optimum results and achieve central compensation.

Apart from undergoing various treatments and medications altering certain lifestyle habits and avoiding quick changes in position can help in easing out the condition much faster.

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Labyrinthitis recovery takes a few weeks if treated properly and on time. It is advised to take care of the movements of the head while recovering from labyrinthitis. In most of the cases of Labyrinthitis, symptoms of vertigo last for a few days and hearing and balance problems return to normal over time after undergoing the right Labyrinthitis treatment.

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