Cyclone Dust Collector is basically cleaners, which comes under the category of air pollution controller setup that is used for separating flue gases from particulate dust particles. Combination of such cyclones within a respective dust collector, creating a centrifugal vortex, comes under the terminology of multi-cyclone dust collectors. With properties of retaining dust particles, these pre-cleanse release clean air into the atmosphere making it heavily useful for industrial purpose.
Basic Principle Involved
With an easy installation setup and some cyclonic technique, the filtration chamber serves the right purpose. The gas is fed into the setup through an inlet, where a chamber creates a spiral movement. The heavy particles find difficulty in withstanding the cyclone kind of movement within the chamber; therefore, they collide with the walls of the cyclone dust collector, making it easy for the lighter particles of the gas to escape the chamber. The bottom of the chamber, outlet, is served with a closed container that collects these particulate matters, in order to eradicate any further escape.
Types of Multi Cyclone Dust Collector
Axial Entry Multi Cyclone Dust Collector
The axial entry multi-cyclone involves a reverse cyclone effect where the inlet gases fed with spinning effect. The cells or cyclones are placed in a horizontal way, to allow particulate matter to settle down onto the surface.
Tangential entry Multi Cyclone Dust Collector
The gas passes through the cells, which are mounted in a stepped method, inclined a bit towards downward direction. The heavy matter gets collected in the collector at the base and the gas moves forward towards the outlet.
Straight through Multi-Cyclone Dust Collector
This setup includes two outlets and one inlet. The primary cyclone chamber has horizontal cells which let most of the gas to pass through, and the remaining gas and dust particles pass through a secondary chamber with a smaller cyclone setup.
Benefits and Effectiveness
The Multi Cyclone dust collector is quite effective and it comes with the ability to separate 50-99% of gas from the particulate matter. With particles around 10micrometer in size, dust collector works best on them, but yes, a more strongly engineered cyclone dust collector is required for particles less than 9micrometer.
There are huge benefits that come along with the installation of Multi Cyclone Dust Collector
- Easy Installation
- Capital Cost
- High-Temperature tolerance
- Low Maintenance cost
- Dry Collection
- Easy Disposal
Much easier to install, and with effective budgets, these Multicyclone dust collectors can operate well at higher temperatures like 350 degree Celsius. The collection process of the dust is much easier as the dust simply drops down onto the base of the system, it becomes relatively easier that way. Even disposal becomes much easier, once all particulate matter is collected from one dust outlet to the other. Since there are no heavy moving machinery inside multi-cyclone dust collectors, manual and mechanical shaking, jet cleaning or reverse air process makes it easier to provide the cleanliness and maintenance of the pre-cleaner.
There are some limitations of the multi-cyclone dust collector system, as well. The sticky particulate matter might not receive adequate results over dry dust particles. Since dry particles simply collide with the walls of the separator and gravity acts on it, sticky matter just does not act that way. Moreover, it’s obvious particles smaller than 10macrometer just might flow along with the gas, and therefore this filtered gas yet needs to be passed through another extensive dust absorbent chamber.
The most prominent applications of multi-cyclone dust collector systems are utilized within almost every heavy particulate matter producers like industrial units such as Wood Factories, Cement industries, Steel Industries, Paper and Pulp industries, Petroleum Coke factories and Mineral processing factories.